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Good Day! Friday, 22 September 2023

Aviation Professional

Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)

Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)


Kindly submit the application with all related documents to CAAM within 14 working days before date of flight.
Application submitted less than 14 days will be rejected and incomplete application will not be processed.

Unmanned aircraft system means an aircraft and its associated elements which are operated with no pilot on board

  • small unmanned aircraft system
    unmanned aircraft system, other than a balloon or a kite, having a mass of not more than 20 kilogrammes without
    its fuel but including any articles or equipment installed in or attached to the aircraft at the commencement of its flight
  • small unmanned surveillance aircraft
    a small unmanned aircraft which is equipped to undertake any form of surveillance or data acquisition
  • unmanned aircraft system of more than 20kg
  • in Class A, B, C or G airspace
  • within an aerodrome traffic zone
  • at the height of more than 400 feet above the surface of the earth

UNLESS obtain an authorization from the Chief Executive Officer

  • authorization from the Chief Executive Officer is required to be obtained in order to fly a UAS for purpose of aerial
  • aerial work means an aircraft operation in which an aircraft is used to provide specialized services in agriculture,
    construction, photography, surveying, observation and patrol, search and rescue, aerial advertisement and other
    similar activities

Authorization from the Chief Executive Officer is required to be obtained to fly a small unmanned surveillance aircraft in any of the following circumstances:

  • over any designated area
    = means any area which is used for residential, commercial, industrial or recreational purposes
  • within 150 metres of any designated area
  • over any assembly in the open air of more than 1,000 persons
  • within 150 metres of any assembly in the open air of more than 1,000 persons
  • within 50 metres of any vessel, vehicle or structure which is not under the control of the person in charge of the
  • within 50 metres of any person
  • within 30 metres of any person during take-off or landing

Authorization from the Chief Executive Officer is required to be obtained

submit an application to drone.atf@caam.gov.my
application form can be downloaded via the link https://www.caam.gov.my/sectors-divisions/flight-operations/unmanned-aircraft-system-uas/
pay the prescribed fees

The person in charge of the UAS shall not cause or permit any article or animal whether or not attached a parachute to to be dropped from UAS.

small unmanned aircraft and small unmanned surveillance is NOT required to be registered.
unmanned aircraft system of more than 20kg is REQUIRED to be registered.

  • Application for authorization to fly

– Unmanned aircraft system of more than 20kg – RM 1000
– Small unmanned surveillance aircraft – RM 250

where the person is an individual, to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term
not exceeding three years or to both
where the person is a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand ringgit

FAQs About Remote Pilot Training Organisation (RPTO)

From the description you have stated, it sounds like your operations is within an Authorisation To Fly (ATF). RCOC-B is not required for an ATF application. Click here to know more on ATF application.

As per stated in CAD 6011 Part I, the job scope within the RCOC-B attached with Module 1 only involving operations an unmanned aircraft flown beyond visual line of sight other than dispensing operation which falls under UAWC work scope. In other words, no RCOC-B + Module 2, no permission to conduct agriculture operation.

While there are numerous drone-related institutions in Malaysia, currently only four have been approved by CAAM as ATO-RPTO. The relevant link will be provided below.

RPTO students will undergo both theoretical examinations and practical flying tests.

The theoretical exams consist of a minimum of 40 questions for RCOC-B, and 30 questions each for module 2 and A2 RCOC.

A minimum score of 75% on a theoretical knowledge examination paper is required to pass, and there is no penalty marking.

If a remote pilot trainee fails one or more theoretical knowledge examination papers, further training will be determined by the relevant authority. If the trainee fails all attempts of the same paper or cannot pass all theoretical knowledge exams within a set time frame, they must start their training over again after a grace period of 3 months. They will need to retake all theoretical knowledge exams in this case.

For the issuance of RCOC, for a period of 1 year. The period shall be counted from the day when the Remote Pilot successfully completes the theoretical knowledge examination.

FAQs About Agricultural UAS Operations

Private agricultural UAS are drones used by farmers or hobbyists for personal agricultural purposes like monitoring crops and surveying farmland. Commercial agricultural UAS are drones owned by businesses that offer services like aerial spraying and crop scouting to farmers on a contract basis. To operate commercial agricultural UAS, the operator needs a remote pilot certificate attach with module 2 and must follow commercial UAS regulations.

According to CAR 2016, item 88, applicant must apply RM800 for application unmanned aerial work certificate per year.

Operations manuals, remote pilot currency logs and any other relevant information when UAS operators apply for commercial UAWC, in accordance with CAD 6011(II); item 3.10 under 3.10.1.

As per CAD 6011 Part II item 3.5, if you are operating on your own land and you have a RCOC-B alongside Module 2, you only need to declare to CAAM that you are operating at your location. Email to drone.agr@caam.gov.my for the declaration form.

You will also fall under the private UAWC category. Refer to answer in question (4).

According to MCAR 2016, item 89, applicant must apply RM500 for renewal application UAWC per year.

1) Accountable Manager (AM);

2) Safety Manager (SM);

3) Flight Operations Manager (FOM); and

4) Authorised Technical Personnel (ATP) (Refer to CAD 6011 (II)).

Operator must ensure that remote pilot who flown the drone had remote pilot certificate of competency basic (RCOC-B) attach with module 2 agriculture (AGR).

According to CAD 6011 (II), you will still require Module 2 (AGR) if you want to do dispensing purposes.

Click the link to inquire more about UAWC.

FAQs About Special UAS Project Approval

The fees will be charge on (Performing functions as per subregulation 204(3) of MCAR 2016, providing copy of document ( RM 50 per copy), providing advice or aeronautical information (RM 300 per hour)). Performing functions as per subregulation 204(3) of MCAR 2016 within Malaysia is not less than RM640, and outside Malaysia is not less than RM1280.

When the operations involve carriage of dangerous goods, beyond line of sight (BVLOS), research and development, or any other operations that require an additional operational support activity from the CAAM due to the additional risk that it involves.

PDRA and SORA are both risk assessment frameworks for drone operations, but they serve different purposes. PDRA is a simple tool used in the planning phase to identify potential risks and determine whether a more detailed risk assessment is necessary. SORA is a more comprehensive framework used in the operational phase to assess risks associated with expanded or new UAS operations and develop appropriate mitigation measures.

If you are applying for a 3-month Special UAS Project (SUP) operation, you should use the SORA (Specific Operations Risk Assessment) framework to assess the risks associated with your operation and develop mitigation measures. SORA is a standardized approach to assessing the risks of expanded or new UAS operations that are not covered by the “lower risk/normal authorization to fly” category.

Operator must ensure that remote pilot who flown the drone had remote pilot certificate of competency basic (RCOC-B), and also the competency requirement to conduct the said operations. For example, if the Operator uses a Pen Aviation 55V to conduct drone delivery operations, the applicant must have RCOC-B and Module 1 certification from a CAAM approved RPTO. Then after, the Operator must be able to show proof to the CAAM that the remote pilot has been taught to ensure competency on the specific drone (PEN 55V). Operator must also ensure knowledge of the operations as according, in this case, a drone delivery operations. This may be done via under supervision with Instructor.

1) Accountable Manager (AM);

2) Safety Manager (SM);

3) Flight Operations Manager (FOM); and

4) Authorised Technical Personnel (ATP) (Refer to CAD 6011 (V)). However, it is possible to have a minimum of two personnel whereby the AM, FOM and ATP is a single person and the SM another person. However, this depends on the size and complexity of the operations.

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FAQs About Remote Training Authorisation Organisation

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